The best state in India for education depends upon there own rules and regulation.
The first ranking of higher educational institutions in the country based on the first institutional comprehensive ranking framework shows that Tamil Nadu, Delhi and Maharashtra have the largest concentration of quality teaching institutions in the areas of engineering, management, and pharmacy and university education.
The ranking which was done by the National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC), an autonomous body under the University Grants Commission (UGC), evaluated 2734 higher educational institutions including 1438 engineering colleges, 609 management institutes, 454 pharmacy colleges and 233 universities. Though degree and architecture colleges were also to be ranked by quality the lacunae in data did not allow for their inclusion in the first round of rankings.
A look at the first 25 ranks in each of these four areas, namely engineering, management and pharmacy and universities, show that the Tamil Nadu stood first with the state having 4 of the top 25 engineering colleges, 3 of the top 25 management colleges and two of the top 25 universities in the country. Delhi followed closely with the state having the 4 of the top 25 universities and 3 of the top 25 management institutes.
Maharashtra came third with the state home to 5 of the top 25 pharmacy institutes and two of the top 25 engineering colleges. The other states which fared at the top in terms of the quality of higher education included Karnataka and Uttar Pradesh with each state accounting for 6 the top 25 institutions in the four categories. While Karnataka has 6 of the top 25 pharmacy institutes, Uttar Pradesh has three of the top engineering colleges and 3 of the best 25 universities.
When it comes to engineering education the largest concentration of the top 25 high quality were in the states of Tamil Nadu (4), Uttar Pradesh (3) and Gujarat and Maharashtra with two each. The top engineering institutes in Tamil Nadu included IIT, Madras (ranked 1), National Institute of Technology, Tiruchirappalli (ranked 12), Vellore Institute of Technology (ranked 13) and PSG college of Technology, Coimbatore (ranked 24).
The top three engineering colleges in Uttar Pradesh included IIT Kanpur (ranked 5), IIT Varanasi (ranked 14) and Motilal Nehru National Institute of Technology, Allahabad (ranked 23). The highest ranked engineering colleges in Gujarat were IIT Gandhinagar (ranked 8) and Sardar Vallabhai National Institute of Technology, Surat (ranked 15). Similarly the best ranked institutions in Maharashtra included IIT Mumbai (ranked 2) and the Visvesvarya National Institute of Technology, Nagpur (ranked 18).
In case of management education Delhi, Madhya Pradesh and Tamil Nadu had the largest concentration of high quality institutions with 3 of the top 25 ranking institutes located in each of the three states. The top management institutes in Delhi included International Management Institute , New Delhi (ranked 7), followed by Fore School of Management (ranked 23) and the Lal Bahadur Shastri Institute of Management (ranked 24).
Similarly the top management institutions in Madhya Pradesh included Indian Institute of Forest Management, Bhopal (ranked 8), IIM, Indore (ranked 10) and Indian Institute of Information Technology and Management, Gwalior (ranked 22). The top management institutes in Tamil Nadu included IIM, Tiruchirappalli (ranked 14) and the Vellore Institute of Technology (ranked 17).
Finally when it comes to university education the largest concentration of the high ranked ones Delhi topped the list with 4, followed by Uttar Pradesh with 3. Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu held the third place with 2 of the top 25 universities located in each state. The top universities in Delhi included Jawaharlal Nehru University (ranked 3), University of Delhi (ranked 6), Jamia Hamdard (ranked 18) and Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University (ranked 21).
The top three universities in Uttar Pradesh were Banaras Hindu University (ranked 7), followed by Aligarh Muslim University (ranked 10) and King George Medical University (ranked 16). The top two universities in Maharashtra were Institute of Chemical Technology (ranked 2) and Homi Bhabha National Institute (ranked 17). Similarly the top two universities in Tamil Nadu were Bharathiar University and Amrita Vishwa Vidyapheedham (ranked 19).
The overall message that comes from the first comprehensive ranking of the institutions of higher learning is that no regions or state held a big monopoly on the high quality higher educational institutions and that they were well spread out across most regions including the south, north and the west. And some states in these regions topped the rankings.